What is the best way to take a test? That depends on many variables, but one thing is clear: the calmer and more prepared you are the better you will do. When it comes to tests, confidence and knowledge are your allies, and fear is your greatest enemy. If you are frantic in the days before tests, you are not preparing yourself well. Taking a test well and mastering your subjects is nothing short of a lifestyle

考试的最佳方式是什么?这取决于许多变数,但有一件事是很清楚的:你越冷静,越有准备,你做得越好。在测试中,自信和知识是你的盟友,而恐惧是你最大的敌人。如果你在考试前几天惊慌失措地学习,你就没有做好充分的准备。学好考试,提前学习科目的基本知识不仅是一个好习惯,也是一种生活方式。

The biggest mistake students make in taking tests is procrastination. Students who score high in tests (and later turn what they learned in courses into real life skills) think about subjects before courses even begin. They don’t scramble to keep up with new concepts in class because they already have a basic understanding of the topic. When it comes to test time, they use their general knowledge to make educated guesses through deductive reasoning.

学生在准备考试时犯的最大错误是拖延。在考试中得分高的学生(后来将他们在课程中所学的转化为现实生活中的技能)在课程第一天开始之前,在课程开始前思考课程主题。他们不担心在课堂上跟上新的概念,因为他们已经对这个主题有了基本的了解。当涉及到测试时间时,他们用他们的常识通过演绎推理做出有根据的猜测。

Of course, good habits do not come from nowhere. They are cultivated, either through natural curiosity or self-discipline. People who are naturally curious about the world are lucky. They never get bored and they are adaptable. People with a passion for a particular occupation are also admirable of course. However, they will undoubtedly end up taking courses they don’t really like in order to achieve their goals. Success in test taking is not as easy for them. However, with a bit of forethought and daily practice anyone can grow to excel in and even come to love subjects that they thought would bore them to tears.   

当然,好习惯不是靠魔法来的。它们是通过天生的好奇心或自律发展起来的。天生对世界充满好奇心的人是幸运的,因为他们从不感到无聊,而且适应能力强。当然,热爱某一特定职业的人也是令人钦佩的。然而,毫无疑问,为了达到他们的目标,他们最终会选择自己不喜欢的课程。考试的成功对他们来说并不容易。然而,只要有一点先见之明和日常练习,任何人都能在他们之前认为会让他们忍无可忍的科目中成长,甚至爱上这些科目。

There is saying in English, “The devil is in the details.”

There is also a counter-saying, “God is in the details.”

有一句英语说:“魔鬼在细节中。”

还有一个相反的说法,“上帝在细节中。”

Think of it this way: it’s easier to understand a tree by first looking at it from far away before getting up close to exam its branches, leaves, and bark. Not having prepared yourself for an exam all through the school term is like jumping into jungle and being able to explain every branch. It is like living in Plato’s Cave. Or literally being unable to see the forest (subject) for the trees (details). Sure, you can memorize a lot in the few days before a test, but you won’t learn much. On the other hand, scholars and the genteel will find great rewards in life, no matter what their ultimate occupation is.

这样想:在靠近一棵树检查它的枝条、叶子和树皮之前,先从远处看它,这样更容易理解它。没有为整个学期的考试做好准备,就像跳进丛林,能够解释每一个分支。它就像生活在“柏拉图的洞穴”。就好像无法看到整片森林中的树木的细节(一叶障碍,不见泰山)。当然,你可以在考试前几天记住很多东西,但你不会学到很多东西。另一方面,如果你是一个学者或者仅仅是一个热情的人,那么无论你最终的职业是什么,你都会在生活中找到巨大的回报。

Notable idioms in this post:

-be bored to tears
-the devil is in the details
-God is in the details
-Plato’s Cave
-can’t see the forest for the trees

本帖中的著名成语:

-无聊到流泪
-细节是魔鬼
-上帝在细节中
-柏拉图洞穴
-一叶障目,不见泰山